NBCNews.com - 3 hours ago
The Aedes mosquitoes that spread Zika can leave little Zika bombs in their eggs, helping the virus survive dry spells. Here's another reason it will be hard to get rid of Zika: Mosquitoes can pass the virus to their offspring in their eggs. It's not a surprising finding. Mosquitoes infect their larvae with other viruses, too, including Zika's close relative the dengue virus.
But it's another obstacle for people trying to get rid of Zika and the mosquitoes that spread it. In this May 23, 2016, file photo, an Aedes aegypti mosquito sits inside a glass tube at the Fiocruz institute where they have been screening for mosquitos naturally infected with the Zika virus in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. "It makes control harder," said Dr. Robert Tesh of the University of Texas Medical Branch in Galveston. "Spraying affects adults, but it does not usually kill the immature forms — the eggs and larvae. Spraying will reduce transmission, but it may not eliminate the virus."
Usually, it takes people plus mosquitoes to spread a virus. The mosquitoes bite actively infected people, incubate the virus for a while, and then bite other people to spread it. If no people in an area are infected, no virus spreads. Sometimes an animal can act as a reservoir — birds can keep West Nile Virus spreading, for instance. Related: Two Existing Drugs Might Stop Zika. So-called vertical transmission allows the virus to spread even if all the adult mosquitoes in an area die out. Tesh and colleagues infected Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus mosquitoes with Zika and then tested the eggs they laid. Read on
Now there is concern about the pesticide being harmful to people.Will keep you posted when I find more research on this topic.
Good dog! Your dog knows what you’re saying, study suggests. They love words you say to them such as: My baby, did you go bye bye, where you been, good girl, good boy, give me kisses, give me loving, good doggie, and etc. Scientists have found evidence to support what many dog owners have long believed: man’s best friend really does understand some of what we’re saying. They found that dogs processed words with the left hemisphere, while intonation was processed with the right hemisphere — just like humans.
What’s more, the dogs only registered that they were being praised if the words and intonation were positive; meaningless words spoken in an encouraging voice, or meaningful words in a neutral tone, didn’t have the same effect.
“Dog brains care about both what we say and how we say it,” said lead researcher Attila Andics, a neuroscientist at Eotvos Lorand University in Budapest. “Praise can work as a reward only if both word meaning and intonation match.” Read more...
PORTLAND, Maine >> New England is running out of mussels.
The Gulf of Maine’s once strong population of wild blue mussels is disappearing, scientists say. A study led by marine ecologists at the University of California at Irvine found the numbers along the gulf coastline have declined by more than 60 percent over the last 40 years.
Once covering as much as two-thirds of the gulf’s intertidal zone, mussels now cover less than 15 percent.
“It would be like losing a forest,” said biologist Cascade Sorte, who with her colleagues at the university conducted the study and recently published their findings in the Global Change Biology journal.
The Gulf of Maine stretches from Cape Cod to Canada and is a key marine environment and important to commercial fishing. Blue mussels are used in seafood dishes and worth millions to the economy of some New England states, but are also important in moving bacteria and toxins out of the water.
“It’s so disheartening to see it (the loss) in our marine habitats. We’re losing the habitats they create,” she said.
Disheartening, and also sometimes a smelly nuisance. Thousands of dead mussels washed up last week on the shores of Long Island, New York, and a Stony Brook University professor said the die-off could be attributable to warm water temperature.
The Sorte study focused on 20 sites along the gulf, using historical data to compare today’s mussel populations to those of the past. She said the decline of mussels isn’t due to just one factor — warming ocean water, increases in human harvesting and the introduction of new predatory invasive species all appear to play a role.
The marine environment will suffer, she said, if they continue to decline, and it’s possible they could become extinct in some areas.
Scott Morello, a researcher who has studied mussels with The Downeast Institute for Applied Marine Research & Education in Maine, said Sorte’s work reflects observations that people who work on the water have made in recent years.
“It’s not just scientists,” he said. “I can tell you that most residents I’ve talked to, most fishermen I’ve talked to will point out the same dramatic decrease in mussels.”
The nationwide value of wild blue mussels has reached new heights in recent years, peaking at more than $13 million at the dock in 2013 — more than twice the 2007 total. They were worth more than $10 million in 2014, when fishermen brought nearly 4 million pounds of them ashore.
Maine and Massachusetts are by far the biggest states for wild mussel harvesting, and many are also harvested in Washington state. They are also farmed in aquaculture operations. The vast majority of the mussels that people eat are farmed, and most that are available to U.S. consumers are imported from other countries, such as Canada.
Mussel farming is dependent on wild mussels, which produce the larvae needed for the farmed shellfish to grow. Andrew Pershing, chief scientific officer of the Gulf of Maine Research Institute, said the loss of wild mussels is troubling for aquaculture because if wild populations decline further, it could constrain the growth of the industry.
Pershing also said Sorte’s study shows there is a need to get better data about the abundance of mussels and how they are affected by warming waters and commercial harvesting.
“If we had a record of how mussels changed from year to year, it would be possible to see whether declines were more pronounced during particularly warm years or are related to some other event or process,” he said.
Please get your dog/cat fixed this is why
It's a lonely world for a dog or cat that is next to be euthanized at these animal shelters because of the high cost. And a deep sadness knowing one cared about getting these animals parents neutered and spayed.
I just read that New Jersey Statewide, nearly 17,000 dogs and cats were euthanized at animal shelters in 2015, while more than 48,000 were redeemed by owners or adopted, the survey said.
Posted March 2016: Margie Fishman, The News Journal 1:07 a.m. EDT March 31, 2016
After years of political infighting, the state's two largest animal shelters -- First State Animal Center and SPCA and Delaware SPCA -- are no longer housing stray animals picked up by animal control.
Instead, both nonprofit organizations have kept dozens of cages empty as they focus on revenue-generating operations, such as building dog day care facilities.
Unless the situation changes, the state could see more animals euthanized, warned Adam Lamb, executive director for the Brandywine Valley SPCA. The West Chester, Pennsylvania-based organization, formerly the Chester County SPCA, handles sheltering and caring for Delaware's stray and abused animals under a $6.5 million three-year contract approved by the state last year.
Help take a stand today to reduce the amount of cats/dogs being euthanized regardless of breed!
SO I got to thinking: If you are re homing your kitten or puppy for a fee - you might want to include a discount coupon from your veterinarian to have the adopter to have that pet fixed. (Talk to your veterinarian I am sure they will provide a discount service!)
Anthony Appolonia is led into court at the Monmouth County Courthouse in Freehold on Dec. 4, 2008, the day he was sentenced to five years in prison for torturing and killing 19 cats. Now living in Delaware, he is allegedly adopting cats again.
Where he is again accused of soliciting cats via Craigslist. Appolonia may use aliases, including but not limited to "Michael Racanelli," "Steve," or "Stephen." Click here for more information:
If you have interacted with or given/sold/adopted cat(s) to someone who you believe may be Appolonia, it's imperative that you notify local law-enforcement right away. PETA is also accepting tips and can be reached at 757-6222-7382 x8037.
Thank you for sharing and protecting animals.
He is released and is now living in Dover Delaware USA. READ MORE